Bike Parking Requirements in North American Cities

Compiled by Paul Schimek, April 22, 2002
City/County State % of auto min. to trigger min max Multi-family Showers Notes Hotels/Motels Schools Commercial Retail Manufacturing Recreation Exemptions Bike Rack Specifications
Edmonton AB 20% in CBD; 5% otherwise res: 20 dus 5 50 (except edu) min. 20 units


10% of auto





Fayetteville AR 3.3% to 6% (non-res.); 3% to 4% (res) 25 auto spaces 1 none 3% to 4%









Scottsdale AZ 10% 40 or more spaces; except office & retail outside downtown 4 100 10%









Tempe AZ 10% of auto - varies none none none

specific requirements per use type







Tucson AZ 4% to 15%+ res: 4 or more 2 none 8%
specific requirements per use type







Yuma AZ 20% 20 or more spaces none none 20%









Langley BC 4% to 6.7% none none none 1 per 2 units + 6 visitor/bldg
6 visitor spaces per building for all uses 1 per 20 rooms 10 spaces (flat requirement) 1 per 8,000 sq ft. 1 per 5,000 sq ft. or per 10 employees 1 per 10 employees none

Vancouver BC varies none none none 1.25 per du + 6/bldg yes 6 visitor spaces per building for most uses; showers & clothing lockers required






bicycle room, compound, or locker generally required for employee spaces
Agoura Hills CA 4% none none none 4%









Alhambra CA 1 per 50,000 sq ft 50,000 sq. ft 4 none none
nonresidential







Antioch CA 2% to 7% none none none none
office: 6.7%; commercial, retail, indust: 4%, restaurant & hospital: 2%







Baldwin Park CA 1 per 50,000 sq ft 50,000 sq. ft 4 none none
nonresidential







Berkeley CA 25%, non-res only, not tied to auto none none none none
in W. Berkeley, may replace up to 10% of car parking

1 per 2000 sq ft. 1 per 2000 sq ft. 1 per 2000 sq ft.


Brea City CA min. 5, more as needed 50 or more employees 5 none none maybe lockers (and showers?): 2 per 250 employees







Citus Heights CA 2% to 7% none 2 to 4 none 1 per 3 (3-30); 1 per 4 (31-100); 1 per 5 (101 or more)
this is the same as Sacramento County







Corona CA 5% 100 or more employees none none none yes 2% of gross floor area for showers and clothes lockers







Costa Mesa CA 2 racks per 100 employees 100 or more employees none 20 (30 if > 1000 employees) none yes commercial, industrial, institutional only; showers and clothes lockers required if > 100,000 sq ft (then 2 showers & 4 lockers required)







Culver City CA 1 per 50,000 sq ft 50,000 sq. ft 4 none none
nonresidential







Cypress CA 5 racks per 100 employees 100 or more employees none none none yes commercial, industrial, institutional only; showers and clothes lockers required







Davis CA determined by comm. Dev. Director none none none 2 per unit
certain zones only (central commercial) Not specified, determined during the design review process






Fresno CA 10% of auto none none 10 10% of auto


1 per employee + 1 per 3 students (elem & jr) or per 4 students (h.s.)





Hemet CA 5% 100 or more employees none none none yes 2% of gross floor area for showers and clothes lockers







Indian Wells CA 5% 100 or more employees none none none yes 2% of gross floor area for showers and clothes lockers







Irvine CA varies by use none none none none
3% for shopping center, recreation, entertainment; 10% for libraries; fixed # (2-5) for others







Los Angeles CA 2% 10,000 sq ft 1 none none yes non-residential only; in commercial & manufacturing zones only; showers & lockers







Mission Viejo CA unspecified 100 or more employees; or adverse traffic conditions none none none
commercial or industrial







Napa CA 10% of auto 10 auto spaces none none none
non-residential only







Ontario CA 10% 30 spaces; 10 or more dus 3 none 10% yes showers required for large projects







Orange County CA 4 spaces per 100 employees 100 or more employees none 50 none yes commercial, industrial, institutional only; showers and clothes lockers required







Palo Alto CA 10% of auto; 25% for some uses res: 2 units none none 1 per unit
Allows deferral of up to half of requirement. 10% of auto K-8: 1 per 3 students; 9-12: 1 per 2 students 10% of auto 10% of auto 10% of auto 30% of auto Single and 2-family residential, warehousing & distribution, mortuaries, auto services, day care centers, drive-up windows Varies, using a Type I, II, III system. Type I includes lockers, check-in systems, monitored and restricted access parking. Type II allows both wheels and frame to be secured with a user-supplied lock (without a cable or chain) and the lock is shielded from vandalism. Type III is a stationary object to which a bicycle can be secured with the user supplying both lock and cable or chain. Types are specified for each use. For example: multifamily residential-type I; retail-type II, covered; schools-type III, enclosed.
Sacramento County CA 4% of auto; 7% (comm, office, service)
2 emp + 2 patron none 1 per 3 (3-30); 1 per 4 (31-100); 1 per 5 (101 or more)
above min. bike parking, can substitute 1 auto for 3 bike spaces; up to 2%; additional 2% reduction for showers

restaurants= 2% of auto only




San Buenaventura CA 10% of auto none 5 (res.) none 10% of auto
education: 100%; recreation: 30%





agricultural
San Fernando CA 1 per 50,000 sq ft 50,000 sq. ft 4 none none
nonresidential







San Francisco CA 6% to 15% or less (see table) $1 mil const. Budget + 10,000 -25,000 sq. ft. 3 12 none
separate requirements for Professional & Retail
roughly 1 space per 3300 sq. ft roughly 1 space per 8300 sq. ft roughly 1 space per 3300 sq. ft roughly 1 space per 3300 sq. ft


San Gabriel CA 1 per 50,000 sq ft 50,000 sq. ft 4 none none
nonresidential







San Jose CA 2% to 5% none 3 none 1 per 4 units yes religious, warehouse: 10%, industrial, office: 2%; commercial, recreation 5%; showers and changing rooms required for large projects
K-5: 2 per classroom; 6-12: 4 per classroom



funeral services, car washes, boarding kennels, veterinarian uses
Santa Cruz CA 10% to 35% of auto none none none yes
all uses; secure parking required for some uses







Santa Fe Springs CA 1 per 50,000 sq ft 50,000 sq. ft 4 none none
nonresidential







Santa Monica CA 5% of auto 15,000 sq. ft 4 none none
non-residential only






if over 50,000 sq. ft., 50% must be locker or attendant or locked room
Sonoma County CA 20% none none none none
non-residential only







West Covina CA 1 per 50,000 sq ft 50,000 sq. ft 4 none none
nonresidential







Yorba Linda CA 5 racks per 100 employees 100 or more employees none none none yes two showers, one for men, one for women







Boulder CO 10% of auto
3 none 10% of auto
Total reduced to 5% after first 50 spaces are provided. 10% of auto 10% of auto 10% of auto 10% of auto 10% of auto 10% of auto
Lockers or medium security racks in which both the bicycle frame and wheels may be locked by the user
Denver CO 5% of auto 20 auto spaces none none none
1 car space may be eliminated for each 6 bike spaces provided; max 5% reduction

if at least 15 auto spaces required (all non-residential uses)



inverted U racks -- see rules
Englewood CO 10%
2
1 per 2 units
more for schools and recreation





drive-in, mortuary, auto service station, drive-up windows
Estes Park CO 5% 40 or more spaces none none 5%
all uses







Fort Collins CO 5% none 1 none 5%
commercial, industrial, civic, employment, and multi-family residential uses







Washington DC 5% of auto none none none none
office, retail, and service units only. Office only in some zones.






signs required. Lockers permitted.
New Castle County DE 10% more than 10 spaces none 20 yes
applies to parking facilities







Alachua County FL varies none 2 none 1 per 8 plus 1 per 40
any use not listed: required based on study; 5% of employees; signs required 1 per 30 bdrm plu 1 per 50 emp., max 25 K-6: 1 per 5 students; 7-12: 1 per 20 students;





Anna Maria FL 10% more than 5 spaces none none none
commercial and recreational uses only







Boca Raton FL unspecified off-street parking none none none
commercial and industrial districts only







Bradenton Beach FL 10% none none none 10%
multifamily, commercial, professional, recreation uses







Chattahoochee FL unspecified none none none required
shopping centers, developments, office or industrial, multifamily







Chipley FL 5% to 10% none none none none
shopping center, restaurant: 5%; amusement, recreation: 10%; libraries, museums: 15%; schools: 75%







Cocoa FL varies none none none none

none K-8: 500%; 9-12: 100%; college: 50% 5 per convenience store; office: 1 per 10,000 sq ft. none none 2 per 1000 sq ft.

Coconut Creek FL varies none none none none
restaurants, community center, recreation: 5; retail: 1 per 10,000 sq ft


1 per 10000 sq ft



Collier County FL 5%
2 15 none
commercial only; inverted U required; others may be approved if they permit locking frame







Daytona Beach FL 10% none none none none
all uses







Daytona Beach Shores FL 5 spaces none 5 5 none
commercial only







Deltona FL about 5% office: 50 employees 2 20 none
recreation, retail, restaurant, game room, pharmacy, office & industrial (50 emp.)







Dundee FL 10% none none none

entertainment & recreation: 25%
K-8: 500%; 9-12: 100%; college: 50%





Eustis County FL 5% to 10% none none none none
shopping center, restaurant, bowling alley, church: 5%; amusement, recreation: 10%; libraries, museums: 15%; schools: 75%







Fort Walton Beach FL 5% to 10% none none none 10%
most uses; fast food, recreation and entertainment: 20 to 25% none K-8: 500%; 9-12: 100%; college: 100%





Gainesville FL 5-10% of auto none none none 10% to 25% of auto
10% of auto for all uses in shopping center districts & non-exempt sections of central city district. 15% of auto for all uses in neighborhood shopping districts. 10% of auto K-6: 300% of auto; 7-9: 200% of auto; 10-12: 100% of auto; other: 10%-20% of auto 5% of auto 10% of auto 5% of auto varies, 5-25% of auto Auto wrecking, junkyards & salvage yards; part of central city district All required bicycle parking facilities shall be from an approved list of bicycle parking devices maintained by the Department of Community Development. Other bicycle parking devices may be used if it can be established to the satisfaction of the Building Official that they are equivalent to any devices on the approved list in function, quality, and construction.
Greenacres FL unspecified none none none none
retail, restaurant, government, recreation, or other use which the city determines generates a demand for bicycle parking







Hillsborough County FL 5% non-residential 2 none none
required in I-75 Planned Development district only; otherwise may reduce auto







Indian River County FL 3.33% > 20,000 sq ft 7 100 none
commercial only







Indian Shores FL 5 spaces res: 8 or more dus 5 5 5
all commercial except auto repair and servicing







Inglis FL 2% none none none none
commercial and industrial uses only







Jacksonville FL 2% to 10% none none 10-100 0.02
required for most uses; 5% to 10%







Kenneth City FL 5% to 10% none none none 10%
most uses depends on study K-8: 500%; 9-12: none; college: 50%





Lady Lake FL 3% to 5%; more for some uses none none none 10%
retail, rest., office, theater: 3%; multifamily, comm., services: 5%; recreation, library - 15% to 20% (see school) none K-6: 25%; 7-8: none; 9-12: 5%; adult ed: 5%





Lake County FL unspecified none none none ?
number and uses inadvertently left out of ordinance?







Leon County FL varies - mostly 5% to 10% none none none 10%
multifamily, retail, office, restaurant, manufacturing, recreation: 10%







Lynn Haven FL mostly 10% none none none 10%
applies to most uses; some increased to 20 or 25%, some reduced to 5%
K-8: 500%; 9-12: 100%; college: 50%





Macclenny FL mostly 10% none none none 0.1
library, museum, commercial, retail, multifamily, theater: 10%; community, recreation: 20%; education (see column); hospital & institutional: .25 per empl. none K-8: 500%; 9-12: 100%; trade or bus. school: 50%





Melbourne FL varies
none none none
retail, commercial, community, education, homelss shelter & soup kitchen, hospital, industrial, recreation, temporary labor agency







Miami Shores Village Hall FL 8% to 16% 25 auto spaces none none none
park, shopping center, office, restaurant only; sign required







Miami-Dade County FL 8% to 16% 25 auto spaces none none none
park, shopping center, office, restaurant only; sign required







Neptune Beach FL mostly 10% to 25% none none none 0.1
office, commercial, retail, rest., multifamily, theater, mini golf: 10%; library, museum, community, recreation: 20%; education (see column); day care & nursing home: .25 per empl. none K-8: 500%; 9-12: 100%; college, trade or bus. school: 50%





Ocala FL unspecified retail only none none none
retail only







Oldsmar FL sq. ft of area res: 4 dus none none 100 sq ft per 10 dus
office, theater, rest., conven.: 100 sq ft per 3000 gross floor area; shopping center, retail: 100 sq ft per 5000 gross floor area







Orange County FL 10% 20 or more spaces 2 5 none
applies in commercial districts only







Orlando FL 10% to 20% - for a few uses only none none none none
game room: 30%; amusement, community, recreation: 20%; bowling, child care, shopping center: 10%, schools (see col.), retail, rest.: can be required by Zoning Official none K-8: 1 per 10 students; 9-12: 1 per 15 students





Palm Beach Gardens FL 5%; more for some uses none none none none
game room, recreation: 20%; amusement, community, library: 15%; bowling, child care: 10% -- all other comm. & institutional: 5%







Port Orange FL mostly 10% none none none 10%
applies to most uses; some increased to 20 or 25%, some reduced to 5%
K-8: 50%; 9-12: 50%; adult ed.: 10%





Satellite Beach FL 5% to 10% none none none none
library, museum: 20%; rest., h.s., adult ed., theater, golf, bowling: 10%; medical, retail, wholesale, warehouse, manufacturing, church, elem., jr. h.s., 5% ? K-8: 5%; 9-12: 10%; adult ed.: 10%





Seminole FL 10% to 20% - for a few uses only none none none none
game room: 30%; amusement, community, recreation, library: 20%; bowling, child care, shopping center: 10%, schools (see col.), retail, rest, adult ed..: can be required by Zoning Official
K-8: 1 per 10 students; 9-12: 1 per 15 students





St. Petersburg FL 10% to 20% none none none none
bowling, child care, fast food, shopping center: 10%; library, community, recreation: 20%; game rooms: 30%; rest., retail, and schools can be required by City Mgr







Tallahassee FL mostly 10% none none none 10%
higher for entertainment & recreation & library none K-8: 500%; 9-12: 100%; college: 50%





Tampa FL about 10% nonresidential only 2 none none
site plan district only; to be determined by Zoning Admin. Based on 10%







Treasure Island FL 5 spaces none 5 5 none
all commercial, institutional, recreational, except auto repair and servicing







Volusia County FL about 5% office: 50 employees 2 20 none
recreation, retail, restaurant, game room, pharmacy, office & industrial (50 emp.)







Athens-Clarke County GA 5% require auto parking, except in Downtown 2 none










Atlanta GA 5%
3 50 1 per 5 units
within 100 ft or as close as closest auto space







Boise ID 3.3% res: 10 dus none none 1 per 10









Coal City IL not specified more than 25 spaces none none yes









Schaumburg IL varies specific uses only 10. Jan none none
retail centers, offices, restaurants, health clubs







Bloomington IN 3.33% non-res none 2 none 12.5%









Carmel IN 1 per 100 feet of building frontage none none none

applies in Old Meridian district only







Iowa City IO 5% of auto; 2.5% after 50 ? 4 none










Mount Vernon IO 5% to 10% 50 or more spaces 5 none yes
applies to parking facilities, not uses; auto:bike spaces -- 50-100: 5; 100-150:8; 150-200: 10; each additional 50:2







Boone County KY 4%
4 100










Amherst MA unspecified 10 or more spaces none none yes
trigger based on those provided or required; design, location, number as approved by permit granting board







Belmont MA 5% 40 or more spaces none none 5%









Brookline MA 1 per 5 dus none none none 1 per 5
multifamily residential only







Cambridge MA 10%


1 per 2 units









Falmouth MA 5% 40 or more spaces none none 5%









Holliston MA 5% 40 or more spaces none none 5%









Mashpee MA 5% 40 or more spaces none none 5%









Needham MA 5% 40 or more spaces none none 5%









Newton MA 10% 20 or more spaces none 20 10%









Norfolk MA 5% none none none 5%









Northampton MA unspecified 10 or more spaces none none yes
does not apply in Central Business District







Norwood MA 5% 40 or more spaces none none 5%


dorms: 1 per 10 students





Orleans MA 5% 20 or more spaces none none










Sudbury MA 10% 10 or more spaces none none 10%









Watertown MA 6.67% 15 auto spaces 4 50










West Tisbury MA unspecified none none none maybe
may be required by planning board







Cumberland MD 5% 50 auto spaces none 20

applies to "parking facilities" not uses







Montgomery County MD 5% more than 40 spaces none 20 5%
applies to parking facilities, not uses







Ann Arbor MI 10% none none none 1 per 5
specific requirements per use type







Delhi Charter Township MI 4 spaces; 1 per du none 4 none 1 per 1 unit
multifamily housing, restaurant, commercial recreation, retail shopping, institutional







Minnetonka MN not specified none none none yes









Kansas City (not adopted) MO 5% 40 auto spaces (otherwise min.) 2


applies everywhere except single-family zones; 50% covered parking







Asheville NC 5% 3 dus for multifamily none none 5%
all uses except 1 & 2 families







Durham City & County NC 5% 15 auto spaces none/2 50/100 (res/non) 5%
signs required where not directly visible







Raleigh NC 5% none none none 5%
all uses







Reno NV 5% - 10% none 2 50 10% of auto
SROs -- 1 per 3 rooms 1% of auto 10% of auto 5% of auto 5% of auto 5% of auto 5% of auto; 10 min. agricultural uses, pet services, cemeteries, mausoleums, assisted care facilities and day care facilities.
Stillwater OK 10% (varies) res: 3 or more none none 1 per unit

2 4 per classroom; trade/commercial: 20% of auto office: 15% of auto; library: 25% 10% 5% 5% vehicle sales or service, funeral parlor, warehouse, freight terminal
Ottawa ON varies none none none .75 per unit

none K-12; 1 per 10 students + 1 per 10 employees. College: 1 per 20 students Office: 1 per 1000 sq. m. plus 6 for couriers if > 2000 sq. m. 1 per 1250 sq. m. plus 6 for couriers if > 2000 sq. m. Industrial & institutional: 1 per 1500 sq. m none

Eugene OR 10% of auto 3 unit res. 4 none 1 to 2 per unit
Covered parking often required 10% of auto 10% of auto 10% of auto 10% of auto 10% of auto 10% of auto Drive-in theaters, horticulture, mineral resources mining & recovery Locking shall be provided for all required spaces (Type III)
Milwaukie OR 10% none 2 none 10%
commercial, industrial, community service, multifamily; covered required when 10% or more of auto parking is covered; if more than 10 bike spaces required, 50% must be covered







Oregon City OR (missing info) none 2 none 4 or more dus
multifamily, retail, office, industrial, institutional, transit transfer, parking lots







Portland OR 5% of auto none 1 to 4 none High density only: 1 per 5 to 10 units
If 10 or more spaces required, half must be covered 1 per 20 auto, minimum 5 K-12: 1 per 10 students; college: 1 per 10 autos 1 per 20 auto, minimum 5; Limited & neighborhood, minimum 3 1 per 20 auto, minimum 5 1 per 20 auto, minimum 5; some uses, minimum 2 1 per 20 auto, minimum 10 Cemeteries, billboards Bicycle racks shall accommodate (i)Locking the frame and both wheels to the rack with a high-security U-shaped shackle lock, if the bicyclist removes the front wheel; (ii) Locking the frame and one wheel to the rack with a high-security U-shaped shackle lock, if the bicyclist leaves both wheels on the bicycle; and (iii) Locking the frame and both wheels to the rack with a chain or cable not longer than 6 feet without the removal of the front wheel.
Salem OR varies res: 4 or more 2 to 4 none 1 per 10
specific requirements per use type; within 50 feet of entrance





seasonal uses, drive-ins, self-storage
Tigard OR 10% to 25%- varies res: 3 or more 2
1 per 2, except elderly (1 per 20)
within 50 ft; signs if not visible; covered if possible 1 per 10 rooms






Troutdale OR 5% of auto
1 none 5%
signs required where not directly visible





seasonal uses, 1 and 2 family dwellings
Montreal QC 5 + 1 per 1000 sq. m. res: 10 dus oth: 500 sq. m 5 100 5 for 10 dus, 1 for each add'l 10 dus
community, school, cultural uses not subject to min. development size







Charleston SC varies specific use; food stores: at least 10,000 sq ft. none none none
specific uses only: library: 2 per 10000 sq ft; food store: 5 per 10000 sq ft; shopping center: 1 per 10000 sq. ft
3 per classroom; 1 per 3 college dorm beds





Austin TX 5% of auto none none none none
2% for regional malls; 1% for hotels 1% of auto 5% of auto 5% of auto 5% of auto 5% of auto 5% of auto agricultural uses, pet services, auto services, camp grounds, resource extraction, airports, equipment sales & service, funeral, cemetery Type I, II, III system, with type specified for each use. For example: transportation terminals, half at least type II with remaining half at least type I; general retail services, at least type II; consumer convenience services, half at least type II, with remaining half at least type III.
Seattle WA 5% of auto; 10% in CBD 20 auto spaces; 5 res. Units none none 1 per 10
must be covered if auto parking covered







Madison WI 10% of auto none 2 none 1 per unit
Total reduced to half of listed after first 50 spaces are provided. Allows deferral of up to half of requirement. 1 per 3 rooms K-6: 1 per 10 employees plus students; 7-college: 1 per 4 employees plus students 1 per 10 autos (=1 per 20 employees) 1 per 10 autos (=1 per 3000 sq.ft.) 1 per 10 autos (=1 per 20 employees) 1 per 40-100 seats; 1% of person capacity (10% of auto)
Structures that require a user-supplied locking device shall be designed to accommodate U-shaped locking devices